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 KINGS OF DENMARK

King  Svend Estridsen 

1019 - 1074             King  1047 - 1074
                                   

 

 

 

 

                         Danish

Danish Kings, from Gorm the Old to the present Queen Margrethe 2nd

  

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Svend Estridsen was a clever and educated man. It was he, who gave Adam of Bremen information about the history of the Nordic Countries.
His most important deed was the arrangement of the Danish church and especially of the bishops. The big Northern Jutlandic region was parted into four. Thus Denmark had become the division, which lasted during the Middle Ages.
West of The Great Belt there were six bishop regions: Slesvig, Ribe, Århus, Viborg, Vendsyssel (Børglum) and Odense.
East of The Great Belt only two bishop regions: Roskilde and Lund. The biggest was Lund’s region, which included Skåne, Halland, Blekinge and Bornholm.
Svend’s intention was, that Lund should become quarter for a Nordic archbishop, and he negotiated with the Pope about this.
But this plan was not executed in Svend’s lifetime.
His goal was to free the Danish church from control by the German archbishops. He tied Denmark close to the Pope and limited by clever wisdom Hamburg-Bremen’s influence.
The archbishop was Adalbert, a authoritative and high-striving person, who as guardian for Henrik IV, governed Germany. As Svend Estridsen had married a woman, who was his relative, Adalbert forced him to divorce her, because the marriage went against the rules of the church.
When Adalbert would intervene in Denmark’s ecclesiastical society, Svend Estridsen understood to stop him, without it came to an open break between them.
In spite of his religious faith Svend Estridsen gave offence by having many mistresses.
The marriage to Queen Gunhild was broken up by demand from the church, as he was his half-uncle.
Harald Hårderåde from Norway continued for 17 years to claim the Danish Kingdom as legacy after Magnus den Gode. From Oslo, where he build himself a castle, he kept a good look-out for the Danish coastlines, and stroke when one least expected it, and raided the Danish lands. He, however, never got the upper hand, and in 1064 he gave up the hope for winning Denmark and made peace with Svend Estridsen.
Svend Estridsen was son of Ulf Jarl and Estrid Svendsdatter, who again was a sister to Knud the Great.
Buried in Roskilde Cathedral.
Svend Estridsen had together with more wife’s and mistresses many children, of whom 5 became kings.

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Thorgils
Harald (Hen) later king (1041-90)
Knud (den Hellige) later king (1041-86)
Oluf (Hunger) later king (1052-95)
Erik (Ejegod) later king (1056-1103)
Niels, later king (1064-1134)
Bjørn
Knud Magnus
Svend, died 1097
Thorgils
Sigurd
Benedikt, killed in 1086 in Odense together with Knud den Hellige (1048-86)
Guttorm
Ømund
Ulf
Svend
Ingrid (1068 - married to king Kyrre of Norway
Gunhild
Sigrid
Ragnhild.

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