the peace in Tilsit in 1807 Alexander cancelled his alliance with England and
jointed alliance with his up to now worst enemy Napoleon.
In secret the two emperors agreed that Denmark and Sweden had to be forced to
close their ports for the English and to join the French-Russian association.
If the Danes did not accept, they would seize their fleet.
This came to the knowledge of the English government, and even before Napoleon
had informed Denmark of his claims, England had sent a large-scale fleet along
with 30.000 troops to Øresund (The Sound).
An English emissary, Jackson, at the same time contacted the crown prince in
Kiel and offered Denmark alliance, but on the condition, that the fleet was
surrendered to England as a security, as long as the war lasted.
The crown prince and his advicers, who knew nothing of the agreements in
Tilsit, were totally surprised by this severe demand. They were twofold
indignated, as they were aware that have followed a loyal peace politic.
The crown prince gave an evaded answer, rushed to Copenhagen, where he gave
the most urgent orders about the defence and left the city again, as he
brought along his father the king.
Then the English army went ashore and surrounded Copenhagen. The army from
South-Zealand and Lolland went toward the English, but close to Køge they was
easily chased away by Wellington.
Copenhagen was not able to resist for long.
succesfull small scale raids was carried out (Livjægerne in Classens Have).
They could not though prevent the invaders in building their attack
From the 2nd till the 4th September Copenhagen was
bombarded. Fruekirken and that part of the city burned down, and the old man
in command, Peymann, had to surrender. The fleet was handed over to England as
its ownership. All not finished ships, all timber at the shipyard were
destroyed. The whole sea-going fleet, 70 bigger ans smaller boats were taken