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KINGS OF DENMARK


King  Frederik 6th

1768 - 1839             King  1808 - 1839
                              Norway  1808 - 1814
   
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                         Danish

Danish Kings, from Gorm the Old to the present Queen Margrethe 2nd

  

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The bombardment of Copenhagen and the loss of the fleet in 1807
 


The bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807.

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At the peace in Tilsit in 1807 Alexander cancelled his alliance with England and jointed alliance with his up to now worst enemy Napoleon.
In secret the two emperors agreed that Denmark and Sweden had to be forced to close their ports for the English and to join the French-Russian association. If the Danes did not accept, they would seize their fleet.

This came to the knowledge of the English government, and even before Napoleon had informed Denmark of his claims, England had sent a large-scale fleet along with 30.000 troops to Øresund (The Sound).
An English emissary, Jackson, at the same time contacted the crown prince in Kiel and offered Denmark alliance, but on the condition, that the fleet was surrendered to England as a security, as long as the war lasted.
The crown prince and his advicers, who knew nothing of the agreements in Tilsit, were totally surprised by this severe demand. They were twofold indignated, as they were aware that have followed a loyal peace politic.
The crown prince gave an evaded answer, rushed to Copenhagen, where he gave the most urgent orders about the defence and left the city again, as he brought along his father the king.

Then the English army went ashore and surrounded Copenhagen. The army from South-Zealand and Lolland went toward the English, but close to Køge they was easily chased away by Wellington.
Copenhagen was not able to resist for long.

Some succesfull small scale raids was carried out (Livjægerne in Classens Have). They could not though prevent the invaders in building their attack foundations.

From the 2nd till the 4th September Copenhagen was bombarded. Fruekirken and that part of the city burned down, and the old man in command, Peymann, had to surrender. The fleet was handed over to England as its ownership. All not finished ships, all timber at the shipyard were destroyed. The whole sea-going fleet, 70 bigger ans smaller boats were taken away.


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