Abolishment of Adscript the 20th June 1788
adscript was abolished all at once for everybody, who were above 36
years of age or below 14 years. For the rest the abolishment took
place gradually, so that the adscript was fully abolished the year of
The landowners should not any more come up with recruits. The military
service became in the future equally leveled out, so that the number
of recruits was determined from the number of inhabitants in each
region, whereas it earlier had complied with the quality of the
By this the power of the landowners over the farmerís person was
fully abolished. The farmers position in society had quite changed.
Before he was an un-free labourer, now a free citizen.
Still totally equality between farmers and the rest of the citizens of
the state was not yet created. That was achieved under the
Following the abolishment of adscript it was easy to complete what was
left. As the landowner not any more had any compulsory reights over
the farmers, he himself was interested in an exact fixing of the
farmers compulsory work for the landowners. That happened most places
by common agreement, and when this had happened all over, a new law
was enforced determining that the compulsory work had to be decided on
by both parties.
Replacing and by that the following moving out advanced almost totally.
This changed highly the appearance of the countryside. On the until
now empty fields were build farmhouses and living houses. For the
agriculture as a matter of fact the replacing was the most importent
of the reforms. Privat ownership became widespread, and in the time
after the abolishment of adscript and the reforms the agriculture was
in an extremely progress. The profit grew, and the way of cultivation
was improved in large scale, new plants and cereals, clover, potatoes
were added to the old once and new types of rye and wheat.
The population grew, and though the taxes grew larger, the people
payed it quite easily.
Initiative and desire to work among the farmers were prevailing as
Livingroom about Year 1800