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King Frederik 5th
1723 - 1766             King 1746-66
                           Norway 1746-66
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Danish Kings, from Gorm the Old to the present Queen Margrethe 2nd

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  Map of Denmark

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The picture can be seen at The Rosenborg Castle

King Frederik V

Queen Louise

Queen Juliane Marie

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Frederik 5th was a total contrast to his father, young and full of joie de vivre. The reserved tone at the court, which he had been fighting, was relieved by cheerfulness.
Masqurades and the peasants May celebrations were again accepted. Soon the theatre was reopened, and Holberg again began to write comedies.

The king as well as his young queen Louise of England became very popular. After Louise’s early, he married Juliane Marie of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, who in spite of her integrity and respect for whatever was Danish, never was quite loved by the people.

Frederik 5th’s joi de vivre and good-nature soon turned out to become easy minded and week character. He sank deep into misdeeds and let his advicers take care of the governing, for example the skilful and honest Adam Gottlob Moltke.
To Denmark’s luck the leading man was the skillful and conscientious nobleman Johan Hartvig Bernstorff, who from 1751 till 1770 was Minister of Foreign Affairs and at the same time administered Denmark’s trade and factory business.

He was a keen supporter of the trade and factory business system, and many factories were founded, which were supported by the government by ways of presents, loans, import ban for foreign goods and so on. Tradingcompanies flowered, especially The East India Company, who had to show its gratitude by erecting a rider statue of Frederik 5th at 5th Amalienborg Plads.

Rider statue of Frederik 5th at Amalienborg Slotsplads.

 

But many of the factories were build on a wrong foundation and had to be taken over at considerable costs by the state.

The government tryed to have the heaths in Jutland cultivated by German settlers, also called Potato Germans. It failed, but the potato growing was thus introduced into Denmark. The attention awakened for the backward state of the agiculture and the miserable circumstances of the farmers. Private landowners, among whom widow-queen Sofie Magdalene and J. H. E. Bernstorff, carried out improvements at their estates, abolished forced work and offered the farmers self-owned land. By this great reforms were prepared the following generation.

The economi of the state was not good, support to factories, precious buildings (the unfinished marble church), scientific and human foundations (Akadami of Art, Frederik’s Hospital) and the armament against Russia took a great amount of money. The government then decided to sell a great part of the kings estates to raise the money. Frederik 5th’s time of governing was not a period of reforms, but the preparing time toward a period of reforms.

Frederik 5th was son of king Christian 6th and queen Sofie Magdalene.
Married in 1743 to Louise of Great Britain (1724 - 1751), daughter of king Georg 2nd of Great Britain.
After her death Frederik was married in 1752 to Juliane Marie of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1729 - 1796), daughter of duke Ferdinand Albert 2nd of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and Louise Amalie.

Frederik 5th and Louise had the children:

Christian (1745 - 1746).
Sofie Magdalene (1746 - 1820) married in 1766 to Gustav 3rd of Sweden.
Vilhelmine Caroline (1747 - 1820) married in 1764 to prince Wilhelm 1st of Hessen-Kassel.
Christian 7th (1749 - 1808) later king.
Louise (1750 - 1831) married in 1766 to count Karl of Hessen-Kassel.

Frederik 5th and Juliane Marie had the child

Frederik (1753 - 1805) married in 1774 to Sofie Frederikke of Medklenburg-Schwerin.

Frederik 5th was buried in Roskilde Chatedral.
 
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