5th was a total contrast to his father, young and full of
joie de vivre. The reserved tone at the court, which he had been
fighting, was relieved by cheerfulness.
Masqurades and the peasants May celebrations were again accepted. Soon
the theatre was reopened, and Holberg again began to write comedies.
The king as well as his young queen Louise of England became very
popular. After Louise’s early, he married Juliane Marie of
Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, who in spite of her integrity and respect
for whatever was Danish, never was quite loved by the people.
Frederik 5th’s joi de vivre and good-nature soon turned out
to become easy minded and week character. He sank deep into misdeeds and
let his advicers take care of the governing, for example the skilful and
honest Adam Gottlob Moltke.
To Denmark’s luck the leading man was the skillful and conscientious
nobleman Johan Hartvig Bernstorff, who from 1751 till 1770 was Minister
of Foreign Affairs and at the same time administered Denmark’s trade
and factory business.
He was a keen supporter of the trade and factory business system, and
many factories were founded, which were supported by the government by
ways of presents, loans, import ban for foreign goods and so on.
Tradingcompanies flowered, especially The East India Company, who had to
show its gratitude by erecting a rider statue of Frederik 5th
at 5th Amalienborg Plads.
statue of Frederik 5th at Amalienborg Slotsplads.
But many of the
factories were build on a wrong foundation and had to be taken over at
considerable costs by the state.
The government tryed to have the heaths in Jutland cultivated by
German settlers, also called Potato Germans. It failed, but the potato
growing was thus introduced into Denmark. The attention awakened for
the backward state of the agiculture and the miserable circumstances
of the farmers. Private landowners, among whom widow-queen Sofie
Magdalene and J. H. E. Bernstorff, carried out improvements at their
estates, abolished forced work and offered the farmers self-owned
land. By this great reforms were prepared the following generation.
The economi of the state was not good, support to factories, precious
buildings (the unfinished marble church), scientific and human
foundations (Akadami of Art, Frederik’s Hospital) and the armament
against Russia took a great amount of money. The government then
decided to sell a great part of the kings estates to raise the money.
Frederik 5th’s time of governing was not a period of
reforms, but the preparing time toward a period of reforms.
Frederik 5th was son of king Christian 6th and
queen Sofie Magdalene.
Married in 1743 to Louise of Great Britain (1724 - 1751), daughter of
king Georg 2nd of Great Britain.
After her death Frederik was married in 1752 to Juliane Marie of
Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1729 - 1796), daughter of duke Ferdinand
Albert 2nd of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and Louise Amalie.
Frederik 5th and Louise had the children:
(1745 - 1746).
(1746 - 1820) married in 1766 to Gustav 3rd of Sweden.
(1747 - 1820) married in 1764 to prince Wilhelm 1st of
7th (1749 - 1808) later king.
(1750 - 1831) married in 1766 to count Karl of Hessen-Kassel.
Frederik 5th and Juliane Marie had the child
(1753 - 1805) married in 1774 to Sofie Frederikke of
Frederik 5th was buried in Roskilde Chatedral.