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King Christian 6th
1699 - 1746            King 1730-46
                          Norway 1730-46
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Danish Kings, from Gorm the Old to the present Queen Margrethe 2nd

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.The picture can be seen at The Rosenborg Castle.

King Christian 6th

Queen Sofie Magdalene

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Christian 6th was an extremely laborious sovereign, who with care met his governing responsibilities, as he saw them. But he had great ideas as to his power and did not like independence from his advicers.
He had a strained relationship to his father and his second wife Anna Sofie, and after the crowning of Christian, Anna Sofie was banished to Jutland.

Even if he had predilection for Danish, the cort was entirely German. The queen disgraced the Danish language, and she gathered Germans around her.
The two of them lived harmoniously, but they were feeble and dependent.

The queen’s sickly search for splendour and the king’s high thoughts of his power, was made visible by building more costly castles. Hirsholm, Erimitagen and particularly Christiansborg. In the construction of this castle was applied all the splendour, which building fashion of that time (Rococo) required.

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These large construction business’s draw a lot of German craftsmen, as the Danish craftmen lacked skills to be able to solve the tasks, the construction and decoration of the castles required. By this our craftmen were brought skills, but the influence of the Germans grew.

The expenses for the castles were huge, for Christiansborg alone more than 10 million kroner, or the same as the value of all land estates in Zealand.

               Christiansborg Castle in the 18th century      

 

All statesmen of the country at that time praised the same maxims for the business sector. The wealth of a country consists of the gold and silver, it possesses. Therefore you should by heigh duties or import ban exclude foreign products, and by support from the state promote domestic industry, so that you sell more abroat than you buy.

Christian 6th followed these maxims by supporting factories, even if they were not suitable for the country, and by maintaining the trading companie’s monopolies. The West-Indian Trading Company bought St. Croix (Denmark had already St. Thomas and St. Jan).
Regarding the agriculture they thought, that total freedom for the farmers would lead to the fact, that the king would be short of soldiers and the landlords of labours.
Therefore the adscript was passed in 1733. It imposed the farmers to stay at their birthplace from their 14th till their 35th year.

Christian 6th gave the university, which was in decay, a new solution. Especially a new legal studium was founded by Andr. Højer. Not until then the absolute monarchy had had well educated civil servants at its disposal. In 1742 “The Corporation of Sciences” was formed, which soon after was dollowed by more intelligent corporations.
However, the greatest importance this kings government had by the influence of etics moral principles. Both the king and the queen were cought by this persuasion, which gradually spread throughout the nation, and created a richer emotional life (Brorson’s hymns).

To ensure the peoples education in Christianity Christian 6th founded Almue-schools (for poor parent’s children) all over the nation, in which first and foremost should be tought in religion (Pontoppidan’s explanation of Luther’s Katekismus), but also in reading, writing and arithmetic, and was introduced at the two hundred years celebration of the Reformation.

But reverse sides of the etics moral principles also showed up. Christian 6th issued (as Frederik 4th had already done) a holyday decree, which fixed severe punishment on those, who neglected to go to church.
The common popular amusements - in Copenhagen masquerades, in the country, to ride “summer into town“, were forbidden.
Christian 6th was the first Danish king since Christian 3rd , who did not led larger wars.

Christian 6th was the son of Frederik 4th and queen Louise of Mecklenburg. He was married in 1721 to Sofie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (1700 - 70), she was the daughter of count Christian of Brandenburg-Kulmbach-Wewerlingen and Sofie Christiane of Wolfstein.

Christian and Sofie Magdalene had the children:

Frederik 5th 1723 - 66 later king
Louise
1726 - 50, was in 1749 married to count Ernst Friedrich 3rd Karl of Sachsen-Hildburghausen.

Christian 6th died the 6th August 1746 at Hørsholm Castle.
Buried in Roskilde Cathedral.



                                                                                  

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