King Frederik 4th
1671 - 1730            King 1699-1730
                          Norway 1699-1730

Danish Kings, from Gorm the Old to the present Queen Margrethe 2nd


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Åbenrå Municipality’s art-exhibition of Danish kings, at Museum Sønderjylland, Åbenrå

King Frederik 4th

Queen Louise of Mecklenburg

When Christian 5th died in 1699, the new absolute monarchy was internally fastened and organized. But outwardly he had not reached his goal to break Gottorp’s influence, to win back the command of The Sound and to take back the Skånske lands.

Frederik 4th, who now should complete the doing of his father, had not had a particular good education.
He wrote Danish and German, but with many errors and had bad knowledge of history and sience of state. He was kind and straightforward, he had a healthy intellect, a fine memory and great desire for work.

In his first years of governing he was busy operating great plans of reforms. In 1701 he founded a national army, the farmer-militia and abolished the Zealand militia in 1702. Yet, the conditions for the farmers were not improved as much, as the king had wanted, partly because he during many years (1700-1720) participated in The Great Nordic War to fulfill his predecessors plans outwardly.

Frederik 4th was strongly caught by Pietism, and in 1708 he arranged a poverty-system, and he founded 240 so-called rider-schools, which was the first attempt to give the children of the farmers elementary knowledge.

Frederik was as a king laborious, but without any superior skill of governing.
The best efforts of his governing, come from the deeds to where his religiousness led him. Influenced by the German Pietism, which put emphasis on the fact, that Christians lived a pious life and did not leave it at beleaving alone, he founded Vajsenhuset for orphans and founded common schools for worker’s children at the crown-estates.
At the same time the missionary work was started in the Danish colonies, and the Norcic priest Hans Egede left for Greenland.

In his personal life Christian 4th was debauched in spite of his sincere religiousness. He disregarded his queen for mistresses and second-wifes, and when the queen died, he made Anna Sofie Reventlow, his up to now wife to his left hand, a queen.
By these terms crown prince Christian removed himself further from his father, but Christian’s already then havy mind became by that even more reserved and bitter.

Frederik 4th born at Copenhagen Castle 11th October 1671 was son of Christian 5th and Charlotte Amalie.
Frederik was married at Copenhagen Castle 15th December 1695 to Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (1667-1721).
In 1703 married to left hand to Elisabeth Helene von Viregg (1679-1704). Died from childbirth in 1704.
In 1721 married to reight hand to Anna Sofie Reventlow, who later was crowned queen.

Frederik 4th and Louise had the children:

Christian (1697-98)
Christian 6th (1699-1746), later king
Frederik Karl (1701-02)
Georg, born and died in 1704
Charlotte Amalie (1706-82), she build Charlottenlund Castle.

Frederik 4th and Elisabeth Helene von Viregg had the child:

Frederik Gyldenløve (1704-05)

Frederik 4th and Anna Sofie Reventlow had six children, who all of them died when infant.
Frederik 4th had together with a mistress Charlotte Helene von Schindel a daughter (1710-11).

Frederik 4th died 12th October 1730 in Odense from tuberculosis.
Buried in Roskilde Cathedral.


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