5th was son of Frederik 3rd and Sofie Amalie of
Christian 5th was the first Danish king, who was crowned as
inherit- and autocratic lord without firm written conditions and without
receiving the kingdom from any other authority. It was not at all in
agreement with his sovereignty to allow any other person to crown him.
new valuable crown, which was
procured in stead of the one till now used,
he put on himself.
5th was a havy man, interested in hunting and other fierce
distractions, kind and good-natured, but only a little persevering
toward mental efforts and easy to influence.
He had nothing of his fathers Latin learning. He spoke and wrote easily
both Danish and German, but neither perfect, but harbored predilection
In Christian 5th’s lifetime social structure of the
absolute monarchy was completet. The leading statesman was in the first
six years Griffenfeld (Peder Schumacher).
Griffenfeld had stayed abroad, where he had studied the absolute
monarchy’s maxims and knowledge of state. Following his return in
1660, he became Frederik’s librarian and secretary. As such he got the
task of writing the royal-law on the basis of earlier drafts.
His influence grew constantly, and when Christian 5th was
crowned, he gave him the name Griffenfeld, and made him a menber of the
Gehejmekonseil, and soon he got as head minister the whole agency in his
At the same time he was appointed a count and got large properties.
He completed the principles of the new government administration.
A new high nobility consisting of counts and barons was founded, which
owned large land estates.
The king and his surroundings should create the highest sphere, to which
you could only rise step by step through distinctions, and which only
depended on the mercy of the king.
Therefore the Dannebrog order was established, and the Elephant order,
which had existed in about two hundred years, was renewed, just like the
first rank decree was issued.
In Hertugdømmerne, where the Gottorp’s joint ownership made it more
difficult to carry out the absolute monarchy, Griffenfeld broke
Landdagen’s dominating influence.
They gathered last time in 1675.
Futhermore his clever wisdom in state affairs got Denmark Oldenburg, the
royal family’s home land.
A strong party at the court was formed against him, who wanted war
against Sweden, but Griffenfeld tryed to keep peace if possible.
This party obtained the kings support, and the declaration of war was
The king had Griffenfeld imprisoned and accused (1676). It turned out
that he had received precents for appointment of civil servants, and
that he in foreign negotiations had winded himself into dangerous
contradictions to avoid the war against Sweden.
He then was condenmed from honour, life and property, but was pardoned
at the executing place, but was sentenced to “enternal” imprisonment,
at first at the Kastellet, then at Munkholmen by Trondhjem.
After 32 years the king offered him to stay in Trondhjem, but he died
shortly after in 1699.
Christian 5th died in 1699 at Copenhagen Castle after a
He was burried in Roskilde Cathedral.
Christian 5th was in 1667 married to Charlotte Amalie of
Hessen-Kassel, daughter of count Vilhelm 6th of Hessen-Kassel.
Christian 5th and Charlotte Amalie had the children:
4th, 1671 - 1730. Later king.
1672 - 73.
1675 - 95.
1677 - 1735.
1680 - 1729.
died when a child.
1687 - 1705.
Christian 5th had together with Sophie Amalie Moth, who was
his maitresse and mistress, the children:
1672 - 89
1674 - 1703
1675 - died when a child
1676 - died when a child
1678 - 171
born in 1682.