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KINGS OF DENMARK


King  Christian 4 th 

1577 - 1648             King  1588 - 1648
                           Norway  1588 - 1648
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                         Danish

Danish Kings, from Gorm the Old to the present Queen Margrethe 2nd

  

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King Christian 4th

Queen Anna Cathrine of Brandenburg

Kirsten Munk

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The Emperor War 1625 - 29

In the period after the Kalmar War Christian 4th directed his attention southwards. When The Thirty Year’s War had begun, the Protestants tried to make him react against the Emperor and chose him, who as duke of Holsten was German prince, as colonel for the Nedersachsian region.
Christian let himself, partly of eagerness for the reformation, but mostly in the hope of winning possessions in Northern Germany, persuade to participate in the war (1625).

At Lutter am Barenberg he, however, was totally defeated in 1626 by Tilly, and then Wallenberg advanced through Holsten and conquered all Jutland, whereas the Danish fleet prevented him from going to the islands. Gustav Adolf now wanted, that Denmark and Sweden in community should take on the fight against the Emperor. But Christian 4th, who was already jealous of Sweden’s growing power, preferred to make peace in Lübeck 1629 and to withdraw the war, under the condition that the Emperor evakuated his lands.

This unsuccessful attempt had made it quite obvious, how weak Denmark was as to military force, especially against an attack from the south. The duke of Gottorp had by influence of the Emperor given up the Danish cause and approached its enemies.

In the future Denmark always had an enemy in the dukes, who closely joined Sweden. Jutland, which since Grevens Fejde (The Count’s Feud) had not been fighting place of war, was ravaged and tormented.
King Christian had come into an unfortunate position as to The Council and the nobilities, who had been against his parcipation in the German war, and because of that been very reluctant to cary their part of its burdens.

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