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KINGS OF DENMARK


King  Christian 4 th 

1577 - 1648             King  1588 - 1648
                           Norway  1588 - 1648
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                         Danish

Danish Kings, from Gorm the Old to the present Queen Margrethe 2nd

  

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King Christian 4th

Queen Anna Cathrine of Brandenburg

Kirsten Munk

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Christian 4th Government.

He was the first Oldenborgske king, who cared for Norway, which country he often visited. One of his journeys went all the way to the most northern border to Russia. The county leaders in Norway, who so far had governed uncompromising and without using the law, now felt that there was a power above them. Administration of justice was brought up to date, and the reformation was now fully completed, as several Norwegian clergymen, who in secret were Jesuits, were dismissed.
Mining in the mountain areas was promoted by building of Kongsberg Silverworks and Rørås Copperworks.

Around his countries he build towns and fortresses. In Norway Christiania (in stead of the burned down Oslo) and Kristianssand, in Skåne Kristiansstad.
In Holsten Glückstadt. Especially Copenhagen owes him a lot. Here he build Børsen (Stock Exchange), Rundetårn for observation of the starry sky, Tøjhuset as depot for equipment for the army and the navy. Regensen was arranged as residence for 100 students.
Outside the old city he build the castle Rosenborg, Nyboder and at Amager he established Christianshavn, and he started to built a number of fortresses, which surrounded the whole city.
His most famous building is however Frederiksborg, where he completely rebuild his father’s castle.

He kept the fleet in excellent condition. He also began the work to create a domestic army from the crown’s farmers, but he did not quite succeed, and the king was in case of war to a considerable degree forced to recruit foreign mercenaries. The Rider Corps of the nobility had after The Kalmar War no significanse.

When the Dutch in 1598 had found the way to India, all Europe’s naval powers competed for getting a share of the Indian trade.
Christian 4th founded in Copenhagen an East Indian trading company and sent Ove Gedde to gain colonies. He only succeeded in getting the insignificant Trankebar. But at the same time Christian 4th dreamed of finding a new naval route to India north of America. He arranged several expeditions to the waters around Greenland and founded an Icelandic and a Greenlandic trading company.
Futhermore he founded factories, arranged a well-organized mail service.
He showed great creativity and comprehensive activity, so it appeared like Denmark was about to emerge as one of the most advanced countries in Europe.
But many of these undertakings were too big for a country of the size of Denmark, and the costly castle buildings had taxed badly at the earnings of the crown.
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