was the first Oldenborgske king, who cared for Norway, which country
he often visited. One of his journeys went all the way to the most
northern border to Russia. The county leaders in Norway, who so far
had governed uncompromising and without using the law, now felt that
there was a power above them. Administration of justice was brought up
to date, and the reformation was now fully completed, as several
Norwegian clergymen, who in secret were Jesuits, were dismissed.
Mining in the mountain areas was promoted by building of Kongsberg
Silverworks and Rørås Copperworks.
Around his countries he build towns and fortresses. In Norway
Christiania (in stead of the burned down Oslo) and Kristianssand, in
Skåne Kristiansstad. In
Holsten Glückstadt. Especially
Copenhagen owes him a lot. Here he build Børsen (Stock Exchange),
Rundetårn for observation of the starry sky, Tøjhuset as depot for
equipment for the army and the navy. Regensen was arranged as
residence for 100 students.
Outside the old city he build the castle Rosenborg, Nyboder and at
Amager he established Christianshavn, and he started to built a number
of fortresses, which surrounded the whole city.
His most famous building is however Frederiksborg, where he completely
rebuild his father’s castle.
He kept the fleet in excellent condition. He also began the work to
create a domestic army from the crown’s farmers, but he did not
quite succeed, and the king was in case of war to a considerable
degree forced to recruit foreign mercenaries. The Rider Corps of the
nobility had after The Kalmar War no significanse.
When the Dutch in 1598 had found the way to India, all Europe’s
naval powers competed for getting a share of the Indian trade.
Christian 4th founded in Copenhagen an East Indian trading
company and sent Ove Gedde to gain colonies. He only succeeded in
getting the insignificant Trankebar. But at the same time Christian 4th
dreamed of finding a new naval route to India north of America. He
arranged several expeditions to the waters around Greenland and
founded an Icelandic and a Greenlandic trading company.
Futhermore he founded factories, arranged a well-organized mail
He showed great creativity and comprehensive activity, so it appeared
like Denmark was about to emerge as one of the most advanced countries
But many of these undertakings were too big for a country of the size
of Denmark, and the costly castle buildings had taxed badly at the
earnings of the crown.