the Nordic Seven Year War 1570 - 88.
har been very difficult for the king to complete the seven year war.
The kingdom was short of money, and growing discontent could be felt
in the country, so they feared riots.
Then the king decided in the middle of the war to recall the skilful,
but aggressive and avaricious Peder Oxe, who had been Christian 3rd’s
anemy, and thus had had to leave his native country, now to make him
the kingdom’s steward.
Peder Oxe soon recovered the crown’s economy, partly by continuing
Christian 3rd’s reform of county-management, partly by
increasing the Sound duty.
In stead of the old Krogen, which during the war had not been able to
control the mouth of The Sound, was build the gorgeous and strong
It gets the name Kronborg in 1577, but its history goes back to about
Frederik 2nd build the new Kronborg in the years 1574-85.
foreign sea-powers, who harbored great ideas about Denmark’s power,
put up with the increase in the duty and accepted Frederik 2nd’s
claim for the control over all waters around his kingdom.
The foreign vessels lowered their top-sail, when they passed Kronborg
in honour of “The Master to The Baltic Sea”.
Filip 2nd regarded Denmark as the Protestants main base,
and he feared that they would support The Netherlands uprising.
But the king avoided foreign wars and by that showed a clever caution,
which does not resembles his behaviour in his first years, and which
probably mostly is due to influence from sensible advicers as Peder
Oxe, Niels Kaas and Kristoffer Valkendorf.
The growing earnings of the crown made it possible for the king to
implement large constructions (Kronborg, the older Frederiksborg), and
to support students and scientists on a large scale. Thus he gave Tyge
Brahe considerable economic assistance and founded Kummunitetet, a
scholarship for poor students.