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KINGS OF DENMARK


King  Frederik 2 nd 

1434 - 1588             King  1559 - 1588
                           Norway  1559 - 1588
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                         Danish

Danish Kings, from Gorm the Old to the present Queen Margrethe 2nd

  

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The Nordic Seven-year War 1563 - 70

 

The war mostly consisted in cruel vandalizing of regions at both sides of the border. Of larger and important aggressive incidents not much happened. The Danish conquered Elfsborg, Swedens only castle by Kattegat.
Their excellent army leader, The Holstein Daniel Rantzau, won a honorable victory over a far larger Swedish army by Axtorna in Halland 1565, and later carried out a looting raid all the way into Řster Götland. But although Denmark overall had superior force, it did not win any entirely decisive victory.

At sea Danes were led by men as Herluf Trolle and Otto Rud and fought a couple of times successfully, but the Swedish navy was much stronger and soon became the superior force, so that it even went into The Sound and collected the costum duties.

When both contries were exhausted by the war, the peace was agreed in Stettin, and everything became again like it was before, only Denmark got some money for handing over Elfsborg, and Sweden cancelled its claim on having Gulland.

Frederik 2nd had far from managed to subdue Sweden, which was his real goal, but he had, however, won a honorable peace, and his reputation abroad had grown. The most sad effect from The Seven-year War was however the hate, which it caused in The North, and which still gave reason for new wars the next 150 years.

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