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KINGS OF DENMARK


King  Christian II 

1481 - 1559             King  1513 - 1523
                          Norway  1513 - 1523
                                          Sverige  1520 - 1523               

                             

 

 

 

 

                         Danish

Danish Kings, from Gorm the Old to the present Queen Margrethe 2nd

  

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Christian 2ndís Legislation.


When returned home from Sweden Christian 2nd began with eagerness his great works of law, which should complete the reforms, he until now had prepared. His aim was to create a strong kingdom, raised above all social classes and independent of any foreign power.

The peoples participation in administration of justice through juries was lifted, and all cases were remained under royal judges.
A high court was founded, by which even the ecclesiastical cases were taken away from the Pope.

Against the tough regulations in his written agreement with the Council he employed several middle class local chiefs and imposed on all castle chiefs, if he died, then to obey his son. In that was an attempt to make Denmark become an inherit kingdom like Sweden.
The independence of the church he wanted to destroy totally. A couple of times he fought through his will in electing of arc bishops, even the unworthy Didrik Slaghek he had appointed arch beshop, but had him shortly after trialed at a worldly court, and after the conviction had him burned as a reconcile sacrifice because of the massacre in Stockholm.
He became aware of Lutherís performance and called in from Wittenberg Lutherske preachers, whose activity, he thought, could help him in placing the church wholly under his authority. Their preaching though got no significance.

In the bluming middle class he looked for support for royal power. He lifted the right for the nobilities and the priests to trade with foreign merchants and determined, that this trading was only entitled to the the market towns.
He had the plan to establish a Nordic trading company, and to make Copenhagen and Stockholm to main centres for trading in The Baltic Sea, he even thought of sending SÝren Norby to India.
Sigbrit was in all these affairs his most important advicer. Her native country, The Netherlands, Christian was looking at as model. It was also from The Netherlands, peasants were called in to settle at Amager to promote garden cultivation.

Christian 2ndís legislation took care of the poor and people without legal rights. He forbade to sell the peasants, and gave them the right to move away from the estate, where they were born, if they suffered harm by the squire. The shipwrecked, who earlier were almost without legal rights, as the beach owner took their property and often also their lives, he protected by the decree, that wreckage belonged to the shipwrecked.
Also the miserable schools he tried to improve. In the countryside the children should learn to read and write Danish, and the higher colleges were changed in a humanistic direction.

As Christian 2nd worked to make the power of the king almost autocratic and depress the nobilities, it can be said, that he, even if at a far more intense way, continued, what Valdemar Atterdag and Margrete had started. Furthermore he can be equally compared to many contemporary princes, whose aim were of the same kind, but by his care for the helpless, he stands way above those.
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