be seen at Hjortsvang Museum (painter unknown) click
Crowning of Erik of Pommern
Erik was in almost all of his time of governing engaged in the battle
of South Jutland, against the young counts of Holsten.
They claimed the county as their heir, while the king claimed, that
they had offended their reight by taking to weapons against the
kingdom. The king let the case go to court, at first at the Dane-court,
later by emperor Sigismund, and achieved twice the sentence, that the
county had fallen back to the crown.
But as the counts would not give in, the king had to fight them for
more than 20 years.
For a long time the king had the upper hand and controlled most of the
county, while the Holstener only kept themselves at Gottorp and in the
most southern part of the country.
But when Erik also got a war against Hansestæderne, he could not
guard South Jutland.
Flensborg was conquered by the Holstener, and at last they all agreed
on ending the hostilities.
Count Adolf, who now was the last survivor of Gerhard’s sons, then
had most of South Jutland under his power, but he could not force
through, that Erik would accept him as the kingdom’s lensmand (a
title under the crown).
He was well aware of The Sounds great importance. He took away
Copenhagen from the Roskilde bishop, and placed it under the crown. In
Skåne Landskrona was founded, and at Elsinora the castle Krogen was
erected, from where the king in the middle of the war against Hansestæderne
began to demand duty from each vessel sailing by.
In indignation over the fact that their privileges were not observed,
the Vendiske cities declared war. Their fleet attacked Copenhagen in
vain, which was defended by Erik’s queen, the English princess
Philippa, and at the peace (Vordingborg 1435) they did not get the
In Sweden, which Erik seldom visited, arised during time discontent
over his governing. They complaint over the taxes, over unrest and no
justice in the country, and over the kings lensmænd (title under the
crown), especially over the bailiff in Dalarne, Jens Eriksøn.
Engelbreckt Engelbrecktssøn brought the complaints for the king, and
as this did not help, they began fighting under Engelbreckt’s
After the peasant-army during four months had become master of the
whole country, except some few castles, it forced the country’s
council to terminate loyalty to the king.
At a council meeting in 1434 Engelbreckt was elected the country’s
chief. Soon he though had to share the leadership with the nobleman
Karl Knutsson, whom the nobility elected for their chief.
When Engelbreckt traveled around the country to hunt down Erik’s
lensmænd from the castles, he was one night shrewd attacked and
By his death the unity of the peasant-army was over.
The Country-council now became the real leader, and again took Erik as
king, but conditioned it self a huge power.
Also in Norway the peasants had rebelled against the Danish bailiffs.
At last Erik got tired of these confusing circumstances. He stood
alone, queen Philippa had died childless, and a relative from Pommern,
whom he wanted as his successor, the Danish Council would not accept.
Then Erik went away, stayed at Gulland and raided from there Sweden,
where Karl Knutsson had been elected chief of the country.
As Denmark thus was without a king, the power of governing came in the
hands of The Council.
In 1439 Erik was declared dismissed, first by the Danish and then by
the Swedish Council.
Erik lived at Gulland until 1449, thereafter in Pommern until his
death in 1459.
Buried in the church in Rügenwalde.
Erik of Pommern was son of Vartislav 7th of Pommern and
Maria, a sister daughter to Margrethe 1st of Denmark.
He was in 1406 married to Filippa of England (1394-1430).
(flag) from the time of Erik of Pommern with Denmark’s, Sweden’s
(church) in Lübeck).