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King Erik of Pommern
1382 - 1459                     King   1396-1439
                                     Norway 1389-1442
                                       Sverige 1396-1439
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Danish Kings, from Gorm the Old to the present Queen Margrethe 2nd

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  Map of Denmark

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Can be seen at Hjortsvang Museum (painter unknown) click

The Crowning of Erik of Pommern

 
Erik was in almost all of his time of governing engaged in the battle of South Jutland, against the young counts of Holsten.
They claimed the county as their heir, while the king claimed, that they had offended their reight by taking to weapons against the kingdom. The king let the case go to court, at first at the Dane-court, later by emperor Sigismund, and achieved twice the sentence, that the county had fallen back to the crown.

But as the counts would not give in, the king had to fight them for more than 20 years.
For a long time the king had the upper hand and controlled most of the county, while the Holstener only kept themselves at Gottorp and in the most southern part of the country.

But when Erik also got a war against Hansestæderne, he could not guard South Jutland.
Flensborg was conquered by the Holstener, and at last they all agreed on ending the hostilities.

Count Adolf, who now was the last survivor of Gerhard’s sons, then had most of South Jutland under his power, but he could not force through, that Erik would accept him as the kingdom’s lensmand (a title under the crown).
He was well aware of The Sounds great importance. He took away Copenhagen from the Roskilde bishop, and placed it under the crown. In Skåne Landskrona was founded, and at Elsinora the castle Krogen was erected, from where the king in the middle of the war against Hansestæderne began to demand duty from each vessel sailing by.

In indignation over the fact that their privileges were not observed, the Vendiske cities declared war. Their fleet attacked Copenhagen in vain, which was defended by Erik’s queen, the English princess Philippa, and at the peace (Vordingborg 1435) they did not get the Sound-duty canselled.

In Sweden, which Erik seldom visited, arised during time discontent over his governing. They complaint over the taxes, over unrest and no justice in the country, and over the kings lensmænd (title under the crown), especially over the bailiff in Dalarne, Jens Eriksøn. Engelbreckt Engelbrecktssøn brought the complaints for the king, and as this did not help, they began fighting under Engelbreckt’s leadership.

After the peasant-army during four months had become master of the whole country, except some few castles, it forced the country’s council to terminate loyalty to the king.
At a council meeting in 1434 Engelbreckt was elected the country’s chief. Soon he though had to share the leadership with the nobleman Karl Knutsson, whom the nobility elected for their chief.

When Engelbreckt traveled around the country to hunt down Erik’s lensmænd from the castles, he was one night shrewd attacked and killed.
By his death the unity of the peasant-army was over.
The Country-council now became the real leader, and again took Erik as king, but conditioned it self a huge power.
Also in Norway the peasants had rebelled against the Danish bailiffs.

At last Erik got tired of these confusing circumstances. He stood alone, queen Philippa had died childless, and a relative from Pommern, whom he wanted as his successor, the Danish Council would not accept.

Then Erik went away, stayed at Gulland and raided from there Sweden, where Karl Knutsson had been elected chief of the country.
As Denmark thus was without a king, the power of governing came in the hands of The Council.
In 1439 Erik was declared dismissed, first by the Danish and then by the Swedish Council.
Erik lived at Gulland until 1449, thereafter in Pommern until his death in 1459.

Buried in the church in Rügenwalde.
Erik of Pommern was son of Vartislav 7th of Pommern and Maria, a sister daughter to Margrethe 1st of Denmark.
He was in 1406 married to Filippa of England (1394-1430).
No children.
 
 
 

Dannebrog (flag) from the time of Erik of Pommern with Denmark’s, Sweden’s and
Pommern’s weapons.

(Mariekirken (church) in Lübeck).

 


 

                                                                                

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