Margrethe was elected to head the government in 1387, Albrecht
of Mecklenburg , king of Sweden 1363-1389 had great problems
with the squires.
While the enmity between Albrecht and the squires became still
more violent, Margrethe armed for an attack on Sweden to assert
her sons right of inheritance.
The Swedish nobility did not dare to take up the fight with
Albrecht as well as Margrethe, and therefore joined her, and
accepted her as Swedens “ guardian lady and husband”.
Åsle (near Falköping) Albrechts German army was defeated by the
joint Danish, Norwegian and Swedish armies in 1389.
Adelbrecht was taken prisoner and placed in custody in a Danish castle.
Soon all of Sweden was in the hands of Margrethe, except Stockholm,
where the German traders had the power.
After a compromise, where Adelbrecht was set free, Stockholm was
surrendered to Hansestæderne, who later left the city to Margrethe.
To unite the Nordic Countries for ever, Margrethe wanted to give them
a young king, who could establish a common king-family. For this she
elected her sister-daughterson, Erik of Pommern, who already at seven
was entrusted with her and raised by her.
seal with the three crowns
15 years old he was in Kalmar by Lund’s archbishop crowned as
king over all three lands as one.
Numerous Nordic squires attended the crowning.
Margrethe continued to head the government, also after Erik had
become of age. He accepted gladly her governing.
The nobility bent everywhere for the queen. She governed the
lands by subordinated officials.
All estates, which had come into the hands of the nobility in
the years of unrest (in Sweden since 1363, in Denmark since
1368), were again made taxable to the crown.
safe in Kalundborg Castle, she brought many deeds and mortgages to
prove, what had belonged to the crown, and had it allotted.
The church enjoyed Margrethes favour. Often she donated great gifts.
She achieved Birgitta to become canonized, and she let herself
register as a sister in Vadstena Monastery.
She even achieved from the Pope, that the people living in The Nordic
Countries, who had not participated in the rejoicing-celebration in
Rome in 1390, in stead could go to Vadstena.
30 confession-priests were not enough to give indelgence, and the
wealth of the monastery was increased with many thousand Mark by the
pious presents. The Pope entrusted her great influence on
ecclesiastical appointment of officials.
Denmark was superior within the union. Margrethe placed many of her
faithful Danish or immigrated German nobilities at the crown castles
in Norway and especially in Sweden.
Hansestæderne had lost their political power, which had been on its
peak 1370-1385, also their trading reights Margrethe tryed to restrict.
When Gerhard 6th was slain during a Ditmarsker-raid, it
even looked like Margrethe might have South Jutland in her power.
Gerhard’s widow and under aged sons had to accept, that Margrethe
sieged one castle after the other. During the disputes, which arised
from this, she went to Flensborg to negotiate.
While the vessel was at Flensborg Inlet, Margrethe died of plague in
She was buried in Roskilde, where her “son”, king Erik, later
erected a glorious memory for her.
Buried in Sorø. Later transferred to Roskilde Cathedral.
Margrethe 1st was daughter of Valdemar Atterdag and Helvig.
She was married in 1363 to Håkon of Norway, and they had a son,
Oluf, who was
elected king after Valdemar Atterdag, and after Håkon’s death in
1380 he was also elected king in Norway with Margrethe as guardian.